Persian New Year (Nowruz)
Nowruz is the name of the New Year in Persian old calendars and the corresponding traditional celebrations & festival. Nowruz is also widely referred to as the ancient Persian New Year and marks the first day of Spring and the beginning of the year in the Iranian calendar.
It is celebrated on the day of the astronomical Northward equinox, which usually occurs on March 21. The moment the sun crosses the celestial equator and equalizes night and day is calculated exactly every year and families gather together to observe the rituals.
Persian New Year (Nowruz) is celebrated by people from diverse ethnic communities and religious backgrounds for thousands of years. It is a secular holiday for most celebrants that is enjoyed by people of several different faiths, but remains a holy day for Zoroastrians.
It originated in Persia in one of the capitals of the Achaemenids empire in Persia (Fars) and is also celebrated by the cultural region that came under Persian influence or had migrations by Persians, including Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, the Kurdish areas, the North Caucasus, in the Middle East, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and other scattered populations in Central and South Asia.